On chip detection of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor secreted from dopaminergic cells under magnetic stimulation

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Yang, Renyuan
Boldrey, Joseph
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Jiles, David
Distinguished Professor Emeritus
Schneider, Ian
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Que, Long
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Chemical and Biological Engineering

The function of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering has been to prepare students for the study and application of chemistry in industry. This focus has included preparation for employment in various industries as well as the development, design, and operation of equipment and processes within industry.Through the CBE Department, Iowa State University is nationally recognized for its initiatives in bioinformatics, biomaterials, bioproducts, metabolic/tissue engineering, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, advanced polymeric materials and nanostructured materials.

The Department of Chemical Engineering was founded in 1913 under the Department of Physics and Illuminating Engineering. From 1915 to 1931 it was jointly administered by the Divisions of Industrial Science and Engineering, and from 1931 onward it has been under the Division/College of Engineering. In 1928 it merged with Mining Engineering, and from 1973–1979 it merged with Nuclear Engineering. It became Chemical and Biological Engineering in 2005.

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1913 - present

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  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1913–1928)
  • Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering (1928–1957)
  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1957–1973, 1979–2005)
    • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (2005–present)

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Genetics, Development and Cell Biology

The Department of Genetics, Development, and Cell Biology seeks to teach subcellular and cellular processes, genome dynamics, cell structure and function, and molecular mechanisms of development, in so doing offering a Major in Biology and a Major in Genetics.

The Department of Genetics, Development, and Cell Biology was founded in 2005.

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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a small protein potently promoting the survival of dopaminergic and motor neurons. GDNF can be secreted from different types of cells including the dopaminergic neural cell line, N27. N27 cells, a rat dopaminergic neural cell line, is regarded as a suitable in vitro model for Parkinson's disease (PD) research. For PD treatment, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a noninvasive therapeutic method, showed beneficial clinical effects, but the mechanism for its benefit is not understood. Because GDNF is a potent neurotrophic factor, it is of great value to evaluate if GDNF secretion from N27 cells can be affected by magnetic stimulation (MS). However, the current methods for detecting GDNF are time-consuming and expensive. In this paper we outline the detection of GDNF secretion from N27 cells by ultrasensitive nanopore thin film sensors (nanosensor) for the first time. As low as 2 pg/mL GDNF can be readily detected by the nanosensor. Furthermore, we show that MS can promote GDNF secretion from N27 cells. Specifically, the GDNF concentration in N27 cell-conditioned media under MS treatment shows statistically significant increase up to 2-fold after 5 days in vitro in comparison with the control. This nanosensor along with the in vitro PD model N27 cells provides a low-cost, easy-to-use, sensitive approach for studying potential cell biological mechanisms of the clinical benefits of MS on PD.
This is a manuscript of an article published as Yang, Renyuan, Joseph Boldrey, David Jiles, Ian Schneider, and Long Que. "On chip detection of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor secreted from dopaminergic cells under magnetic stimulation." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 182 (2021): 113179. DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2021.113179. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V.. Posted with permission.