Growth and Reproductive Development of Male Piglets Are More Vulnerable to Midgestation Maternal Stress Than That of Female Piglets

dc.contributor.author Mack, L. A.
dc.contributor.author Lay, D. C.
dc.contributor.author Eicher, S. D.
dc.contributor.author Johnson, Anna
dc.contributor.author Richert, Brian
dc.contributor.author Pajor, Ed
dc.contributor.department Animal Science
dc.date 2018-02-16T10:56:10.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T23:38:13Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T23:38:13Z
dc.date.issued 2014-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>In many mammalian species, prenatal stress masculinizes female and feminizes male offspring impairing their reproductive capacity. Regrouping gestating sows is a common, stressful production practice, but its impact on the developing pigs of the sow is not fully known. This study examined the effects of regrouping gestating sows and the administration of exogenous glucocorticoids on the growth and external reproductive morphology of pigs. At 37.2 ± 0.26 d of gestation, 6 cohorts of 18 sows (<em>N</em> = 108) were placed in 1 of 3 treatments: socially stable (Stable), hydrocortisone acetate (HCA), or mixed (Mixed). The HCA sows were administered 70 mg HCA, a synthetic glucocorticoid, twice daily during the 21 d experimental period. Each Mixed sow was penned with 2 companion sows (Companion) and regrouped on d 7 and 14 with 2 different Companion sows in a new pen. Stable and HCA sows were penned in treatment groups of 3 sows. Sow social rank was assessed weekly during feeding. After the 21 d experimental period, all sows were housed in gestation stalls for the duration of pregnancy. During the 21 d, Companion sows gained more weight than HCA and Mixed sows (<em>P</em> < 0.05) with Stable sows intermediate. High ranked sows gained more weight than middle and low ranked sows (<em>P</em> < 0.05). Mixed sows had greater head lesion scores than Stable and HCA sows (<em>P</em> < 0.05) with Companion sows intermediate. Head lesions increased with lower social rank (<em>P</em> < 0.001). Sow treatment did not affect farrowing rate, litter size, or sex ratio (<em>P</em> > 0.10). Social rank also had no effect on farrowing rate (<em>P</em> > 0.10), but affected total litter size (<em>P</em> = 0.03). High ranked sows bore and weaned more live females than low ranked sows (<em>P</em> < 0.05), in part due to differential preweaning mortality among female pigs (<em>P</em> = 0.01). Only male pigs were affected by sow treatment. Preweaning mortality was higher among male pigs from HCA than from Mixed sows (<em>P</em> = 0.04) with other treatments intermediate. Despite no weight differences in the preweaning period, at 160 d of age males from HCA sows weighed more than males from Stable sows (<em>P</em> = 0.01) with other treatments intermediate. Males born to Companion sows had longer relative anogenital distances, a marker of fetal testosterone exposure, than males from Mixed sows (<em>P</em> = 0.03) with other treatments intermediate. The prenatal environment affected the pigs in a sex-specific manner altering the growth and reproductive morphology of the males more than that of the females.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Journal of Animal Science</em> 92 (2014): 530, doi:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2013-6773" target="_blank">10.2527/jas.2013-6773</a>.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ans_pubs/107/
dc.identifier.articleid 1107
dc.identifier.contextkey 7167919
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ans_pubs/107
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/9503
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ans_pubs/107/2014_Butters_GrowthReproductive.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 18:26:20 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.2527/jas.2013-6773
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Animal Sciences
dc.subject.keywords gestation
dc.subject.keywords growth
dc.subject.keywords prenatal stress
dc.subject.keywords reproduction
dc.subject.keywords social
dc.subject.keywords swine
dc.title Growth and Reproductive Development of Male Piglets Are More Vulnerable to Midgestation Maternal Stress Than That of Female Piglets
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 9459ddeb-303d-4035-933f-925ec181c7a6
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 85ecce08-311a-441b-9c4d-ee2a3569506f
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