Factors affecting housing satisfaction of Asian and Pacific Islander households in the United States
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were 12.5 million Asian and Pacific Islanders living in the United States in March, 2002 accounting for 4.4 percent of America's total population. This study looked into the housing satisfaction among the Asian and Pacific Islander group in comparison to the non-Hispanic White group.;Since many Asian and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. are foreign-born, it is expected that their housing perception will be influenced by their experience with housing in their home countries. Using Morris and Winter's housing adjustment theory, the study investigated the effect of several demographic variables, housing deficits, and neighborhood satisfaction on housing satisfaction. The study also looked into two variables with cultural relevance, length of residence in the U.S. and extended family living arrangement and tested their effect on housing satisfaction.;The data used for the study was the 2002 American Housing Survey Metropolitan Sample (AHS-MS) collected from a sample of 13 metropolitan areas by U.S. Census Bureau for the Department of Housing and Urban Development.;Generally, demographic variables were not significant indicators of housing satisfaction. Two housing deficits (renter status and housing inadequacy) and neighborhood satisfaction were important mediating variables between housing satisfaction and household variables. Length of residence in the U.S. and extended family living arrangement were not significant predictors of housing satisfaction for Asian and Pacific Islanders.;It appears that Asian and Pacific Islander householders assimilate quickly into the American culture in terms of housing norms. There is little difference in the explanation of housing satisfaction for the Asian and Pacific Islanders and the non-Hispanic Whites. Although Asian and Pacific Islanders have different cultural referents in terms of past housing experience and importance of extended family living arrangements, than non-Hispanic Whites, these factors do not play a significant role in housing adjustment theory predicting housing satisfaction.