Machine learning methods for omics data integration

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Zhou, Wengang
Major Professor
Julie A. Dickerson
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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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High-throughput technologies produce genome-scale transcriptomic and metabolomic (omics) datasets that allow for the system-level studies of complex biological processes. The limitation lies in the small number of samples versus the larger number of features represented in these datasets. Machine learning methods can help integrate these large-scale omics datasets and identify key features from each dataset. A novel class dependent feature selection method integrates the F statistic, maximum relevance binary particle swarm optimization (MRBPSO), and class dependent multi-category classification (CDMC) system. A set of highly differentially expressed genes are pre-selected using the F statistic as a filter for each dataset. MRBPSO and CDMC function as a wrapper to select desirable feature subsets for each class and classify the samples using those chosen class-dependent feature subsets. The results indicate that the class-dependent approaches can effectively identify unique biomarkers for each cancer type and improve classification accuracy compared to class independent feature selection methods. The integration of transcriptomics and metabolomics data is based on a classification framework. Compared to principal component analysis and non-negative matrix factorization based integration approaches, our proposed method achieves 20-30% higher prediction accuracies on Arabidopsis tissue development data. Metabolite-predictive genes and gene-predictive metabolites are selected from transcriptomic and metabolomic data respectively. The constructed gene-metabolite correlation network can infer the functions of unknown genes and metabolites. Tissue-specific genes and metabolites are identified by the class-dependent feature selection method. Evidence from subcellular locations, gene ontology, and biochemical pathways support the involvement of these entities in different developmental stages and tissues in Arabidopsis.

Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2011