Solidarita Housing Estate in its European Context

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2014-01-01
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Zarecor, Kimberly
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Architecture

The Department offers a five-year program leading to the Bachelor of Architecture degree. The program provides opportunities for general education as well as preparation for professional practice and/or graduate study.

The Department of Architecture offers two graduate degrees in architecture: a three-year accredited professional degree (MArch) and a two-semester to three-semester research degree (MS in Arch). Double-degree programs are currently offered with the Department of Community and Regional Planning (MArch/MCRP) and the College of Business (MArch/MBA).

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The Department of Architecture was established in 1914 as the Department of Structural Design in the College of Engineering. The name of the department was changed to the Department of Architectural Engineering in 1918. In 1945, the name was changed to the Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering. In 1967, the name was changed to the Department of Architecture and formed part of the Design Center. In 1978, the department became part of the College of Design.

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1914–present

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  • Department of Structural Design (1914–1918)
  • Department of Architectural Engineering (1918–1945)
  • Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering (1945–1967)

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Europe just after World War II was a damaged environment. Many of its cities had been devastated and people suffered tremendously across the continent. Millions were dead, millions displaced or sick, and millions more were being forcibly relocated to new territories during waves of expulsions. According to United Nations figures, more than 8.8 million housing units had been destroyed in eighteen European countries during the war; at least another 5.6 million units were uninhabitable. This represented one out of every nine units extant in 1939.2 By 1947, the Cold War was underway as the United States and the Soviet Union became global adversaries in their attempts to win the loyalties of the region's liberated countries. Stalin rejected the offer of United States Marshall Plan funds to aid in postwar reconstruction and recovery. He convinced the countries that would soon be known as the Eastern Bloc, including Czechoslovakia, to do the same and created Cominform as an alternative alliance to consolidate his power.

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This is the original English version of a chapter published as "Solidarita v mezinárodním kontextu" in Sídliště Solidarita. Barbora Špičáková, ed. Bara Stefanová, trans. Kostelec nad Černými lesy: Archiv výtvarného umění, 2014.

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Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014
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