Convergence and divergence of values in a more global world: evidence from the 1981 and 1990 World Values Surveys

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Durbin, Jonathan
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Political Science
The Department of Political Science has been a separate department in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (formerly the College of Sciences and Humanities) since 1969 and offers an undergraduate degree (B.A.) in political science, a graduate degree (M.A.) in political science, a joint J.D./M.A. degree with Drake University, an interdisciplinary degree in cyber security, and a graduate Certificate of Public Management (CPM). In addition, it provides an array of service courses for students in other majors and other colleges to satisfy general education requirements in the area of the social sciences.
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The study of globalization has captured the attention of scholars from nearly every field. The potential impact on the social system and cultural values of a more interdependent world is an important aspect of this attention. This thesis considers the possible effects of globalization in encouraging the development of a system of similar values and beliefs. Specifically, the evidence of convergence and divergence in values relating to economics family, politics and morality is explored using the 1981 and 1990 World Values Surveys and include an analysis of data from twenty different nations exhibiting varying degrees of economic and political development. The author finds that many values did not change significantly from 1981 to 1990. This illustrates the stability of values. However, there is some evidence of convergence in marriage and family values, but of divergence in political and moral-based beliefs. Additionally the results suggest some economic values may be becoming more similar, while others remain quite distinct. Further, important differences exist in the results of the individual and aggregate-level analyzes, suggesting that national identities may have an impact on global value change. Finally, the implications for future international relationships, public policy, and future research questions are discussed.

Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2000