Waste to Carbon: Influence of Structural Modification on VOC Emission Kinetics from Stored Carbonized Refuse-Derived Fuel

dc.contributor.author Białowiec, Andrzej
dc.contributor.author Micuda, Monika
dc.contributor.author Szumny, Antoni
dc.contributor.author Łyczko, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.department Food Science and Human Nutrition
dc.contributor.department Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.contributor.department Toxicology
dc.date 2019-02-25T07:39:26.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:36:05Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:36:05Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2019
dc.date.issued 2019-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The torrefaction of municipal solid waste is one of the solutions related to the Waste to Carbon concept, where high-quality fuel—carbonized refuse-derived fuel (CRDF)—is produced. An identified potential problem is the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during CRDF storage. Kinetic emission parameters have not yet been determined. It was also shown that CRDF can be pelletized for energy densification and reduced volume during storage and transportation. Thus, our working hypothesis was that structural modification (via pelletization) might mitigate VOC emissions and influence emission kinetics during CRDF storage. Two scenarios of CRDF structural modification on VOC emission kinetics were tested, (i) pelletization and (ii) pelletization with 10% binder addition and compared to ground (loose) CRDF (control). VOC emissions from simulated sealed CRDF storage were measured with headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. It was found that total VOC emissions from stored CRDF follow the first-order kinetic model for both ground and pelletized material, while individual VOC emissions may deviate from this model. Pelletization significantly decreased (63%~86%) the maximum total VOC emission potential from stored CDRF. Research on improved sustainable CRDF storage is warranted. This could involve VOC emission mechanisms and environmental-risk management.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Białowiec, Andrzej, Monika Micuda, Antoni Szumny, Jacek Łyczko, and Jacek A. Koziel. "Waste to Carbon: Influence of Structural Modification on VOC Emission Kinetics from Stored Carbonized Refuse-Derived Fuel." <em>Sustainability</em> 11, no. 3 (2019): 935. DOI: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su11030935" target="_blank">10.3390/su11030935</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/1000/
dc.identifier.articleid 2287
dc.identifier.contextkey 13820985
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/1000
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/697
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/1000/2019_KozielJacek_WasteCarbon.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 18:12:05 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.3390/su11030935
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Monitoring
dc.subject.disciplines Oil, Gas, and Energy
dc.subject.disciplines Sustainability
dc.subject.keywords waste management
dc.subject.keywords municipal solid waste
dc.subject.keywords renewable fuel
dc.subject.keywords torrefaction
dc.subject.keywords volatile organic compounds
dc.subject.keywords emissions control
dc.subject.keywords occupational safety
dc.subject.keywords densification
dc.subject.keywords resource recovery
dc.subject.keywords circular economy
dc.title Waste to Carbon: Influence of Structural Modification on VOC Emission Kinetics from Stored Carbonized Refuse-Derived Fuel
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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