Development of ultra-high efficiency, low hysteresis antiferroelectric ceramics for high energy density capacitor applications

dc.contributor.advisor Cui, Jun
dc.contributor.advisor Tan, Xiaoli
dc.contributor.advisor Kramer, Matthew J
dc.contributor.advisor Martin, Steve W
dc.contributor.advisor Hu, Shan
dc.contributor.author Mohapatra, Pratyasha
dc.contributor.department Materials Science and Engineering en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2022-11-09T02:28:47Z
dc.date.available 2022-11-09T02:28:47Z
dc.date.issued 2021-07
dc.date.updated 2022-11-09T02:28:47Z
dc.description.abstract Antiferroelectric ceramics are considered highly promising candidates for high-energy density capacitor applications. The electric field induced reversible transition between antiferroelectric and ferroelectric phases forms the basis of the energy storage process in these capacitors. Nevertheless, due to the hysteresis losses associated with the phase transitions, the fraction of the useful energy recovered from the stored energy (efficiency) is limited to 65-80%. The present work aims at designing novel lead zirconate titanate based antiferroelectric ceramics with diminished hysteresis loss and to evaluate the effect of hysteresis on the long-term capacitor life. A new strategy to induce relaxor behavior in an antiferroelectric PbZrO3-PbSnO3-PbTiO3 based composition is introduced to reduce hysteresis and improve the energy efficiency. Solid solutions with different bismuth-based complexes are formed to simultaneously dope the A-site and B-site of the antiferroelectric ABO3 perovskite lattice with aliovalent ions. The solid solution with Bi(Zn2/3Nb1/3)O3 is the most effective in inducing relaxor antiferroelectric behavior and improves the energy efficiency from 82.6% to 93.2% by reducing the electric hysteresis. The approach also demonstrates promising applicability to reduce hysteresis in different base antiferroelectric compositions. The prolonged application of electric loading to a capacitor leads to the decay in its performance, referred to as electric fatigue. The hysteresis of an antiferroelectric material impacts the degree of deterioration of electric properties and the performance stability of the capacitor. For capacitors designed for the desired energy density, compositions with a larger hysteresis display an early degradation in their polarization, electric field-induced strain, and energy efficiency, thereby shortening the operation life. Hysteresis also shows an influence on the mechanism and severity of the fatigue damage. The electric properties of the antiferroelectric compositions are dependent on their composition. The correlation between different critical electric properties and the doping concentration in antiferroelectric PbZrO3-PbSnO3-PbTiO3 based solid solution is examined from compositions published previously. Multiple linear regression models are developed to quantify the composition-property relations for critical fields of the antiferroelectric-ferroelectric transition. These models can be used to guide the design of antiferroelectric compositions with tailored electric properties for low hysteresis, high efficiency, and long fatigue life.
dc.format.mimetype PDF
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/td-20240329-238
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0001-5880-5133
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/6wBlEaar
dc.language.iso en
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.subject.disciplines Materials Science en_US
dc.subject.keywords Antiferroelectrics en_US
dc.subject.keywords Ceramic en_US
dc.subject.keywords Electric fatigue en_US
dc.subject.keywords High energy density en_US
dc.subject.keywords Low hysteresis en_US
dc.title Development of ultra-high efficiency, low hysteresis antiferroelectric ceramics for high energy density capacitor applications
dc.type article en_US
dc.type.genre dissertation en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
thesis.degree.discipline Materials Science en_US
thesis.degree.grantor Iowa State University en_US
thesis.degree.level dissertation $
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy en_US
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