Three-dimensional crystal-melt Wulff-shape and interfacial stiffness in the Al-Sn binary system

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2004-12-06
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Napolitano, Ralph
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Materials Science and Engineering

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering teaches the composition, microstructure, and processing of materials as well as their properties, uses, and performance. These fields of research utilize technologies in metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, and electronic materials.

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The Department of Materials Science and Engineering was formed in 1975 from the merger of the Department of Ceramics Engineering and the Department of Metallurgical Engineering.

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1975-present

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The quantitative determination of the three-dimensional Wulff shape for a metallic crystal-melt system is reported here. The anisotropy of crystal-melt interfacial free energy is experimentally measured for the Al–Sn binary system at temperatures of 300 and 500°C. Equilibrium shapes of liquid droplets entrained within the crystalline phase are measured experimentally on sequential two-dimensional sections, and the three-dimensional Wulff plot is reconstructed. For this system, it is found that a single-parameter description of anisotropy is not sufficient, and the anisotropy is reported using the leading terms of the relevant cubic harmonics. Accordingly, the anisotropy coefficients are determined to be ε1=(1.81±0.36)×10−2 and ε2=(−1.12±0.13)×10−2. In addition, the corresponding normal stiffness components as well as a generalized stiffness are quantified and compared with available predictions from atomistic simulations.

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This article is from Physical Review B 70 (2004): 1, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.70.214103 . Posted with permission.

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Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2004
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