When International Soviet Bolsheviks and Domestic Chinese Communists Collide: How Soviet Intervention influenced the Modern Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

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Date
2022-08
Authors
Wu, Mingze
Major Professor
Feinstein, Scott
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JAMES
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Abstract
This project focuses on some of the most prominent issues around the Chinese Northwestern Province of Xinjiang (officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region since 1953). I assess the region’s longstanding domestic ethnic tensions that arose out of the Dzungar-Qing Wars in the 1750s. These wars are important as they marked both the beginning of continuous Modern Chinese authority over the region and the Uyghur populations’ unwavering minority-majority status over the region. I also examine Xinjiang’s socioeconomic conditions in the early 1950s under both Soviet-Stalinism and Chinese-Imperialism/Maoism to the early 1980s. I consider how the combination of a market-oriented economy, reintroduction of nativization policy, and a steady restoration of “traditional” Imperial assimilation policy under Chinese Nationalism after June 4th 1989 shaped the region’s socioeconomic conditions. I conclude by assessing the region’s future under Xi Jinping, the General Sectary of the Chinese Communist Party, with a focus on educational and linguistic autonomy as well as other civil rights related policies.
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2022