Comparative techno-economic analysis of biohydrogen production via bio-oil gasification and bio-oil reforming

Date
2013-04-01
Authors
Hu, Guiping
Zhang, Yanan
Brown, Tristan
Hu, Guiping
Brown, Robert
Brown, Robert
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Abstract

This paper evaluates the economic feasibility of biohydrogen production via two bio-oil processing pathways: bio-oil gasification and bio-oil reforming. Both pathways employ fast pyrolysis to produce bio-oil from biomass stock. The two pathways are modeled using Aspen Plus® for a 2000 t d-1 facility. Equipment sizing and cost calculations are based on Aspen Economic Evaluation® software. Biohydrogen production capacity at the facility is 147 t d-1 for the bio-oil gasification pathway and 160 t d-1 for the bio-oil reforming pathway. The biomass-to-fuel energy efficiencies are 47% and 84% for the bio-oil gasification and bio-oil reforming pathways, respectively. Total capital investment (TCI) is 435 million dollars for the bio-oil gasification pathway and is 333 million dollars for the bio-oil reforming pathway. Internal rates of return (IRR) are 8.4% and 18.6% for facilities employing the bio-oil gasification and bio-oil reforming pathways, respectively. Sensitivity analysis demonstrates that biohydrogen price, biohydrogen yield, fixed capital investment (FCI), bio-oil yield, and biomass cost have the greatest impacts on facility IRR. Monte-Carlo analysis shows that bio-oil reforming is more economically attractive than bio-oil gasification for biohydrogen production.

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<p>NOTICE: This is the author's version of a work that was accepted for publication in <em>Biomass and Bioenergy</em>. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in <em>Biomass and Bioenergy</em>, 51 (2013): doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2013.01.013" target="_blank">10.1016/j.biombioe.2013.01.013</a>.</p>
Keywords
bio-oil, biohydrogen, fast pyrolysis, gasification, reforming, Mechanical Engineering, Bioeconomy Institute
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