Optically accessible bench-scale fast pyrolysis reactor for in-situ analysis using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

dc.contributor.advisor Terrence Meyer
dc.contributor.advisor Xianglan Bai
dc.contributor.author Chon, Eric Kok Hsien
dc.contributor.department Mechanical Engineering
dc.date 2018-08-11T18:07:37.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:01:29Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:01:29Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2016-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>An optically accessible pyrolysis reactor was developed to analyze the in-situ reaction of biomass feedstock during the initial stage of fast pyrolysis. A Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy, analytical instrument was modified to allow the light source to pass through the optical pyrolysis reactor for time-resolved measurements during the pyrolysis reaction. Cellulose, red oak, corn stove organosolv lignin, and a mixture of solid heat carrier with organosolv lignin were tested with the reactor. Evolution trends of the gas products and functional groups within the products were investigated as a function of time with the FTIR instrument. Residence times were regulated using a mass flow controller to allow different flow rates of sweep gas entering the reactor. Details of the reactor, including automated sample injection, temperature profile, and feedstock measurements are documented and discussed. The data collected in the experiments are shown to be useful for temporal analysis of pyrolysis products as a function of the type of feedstock. The analytical technique is proven to be repeatable and capable of capturing temporally resolved information that is otherwise difficult to obtain in conventional pyrolysis reactors. This can potentially provide improvement in understanding the kinetics of biomass fast pyrolysis.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15106/
dc.identifier.articleid 6113
dc.identifier.contextkey 8928936
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-4710
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/15106
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/29290
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15106/Chon_iastate_0097M_15450.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:36:03 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Mechanical Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Mechanical Engineering
dc.title Optically accessible bench-scale fast pyrolysis reactor for in-situ analysis using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 6d38ab0f-8cc2-4ad3-90b1-67a60c5a6f59
thesis.degree.discipline Mechanical Engineering
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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