High-Rate Structural Health Monitoring and Prognostics: An Overview
Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) includes both static and highly dynamic engineering systems. With the advent of real-time sensing, edge-computing, and high-bandwidth computer memory, there is an ability to enable high-rate SHM (HR-SHM). The paper defines the technical area of high-rate structural health monitoring and prognostics and presents the HR-SHM technical grand challenges including: multi timescales of the problem, adequate sensor network and response, real-time assessment, and decision-making with quantified uncertainty and risk. Key issues to address in such challenges include the time duration of the event, time scales of the physics, multiple sources of uncertainty, as well as limited spatiotemporal constraints for hardware execution. The paper defines the high-rate time scale as 1 ms on the integrated paradigm including data acquisition, assessment execution, and decision-making. The spatial issues include the resolution of the area monitored, the communication distance, and the number of edge sensors. The temporal issue includes the sensor type (e.g., THz) as well as multiple sources of uncertainty. These constraints must be coupled to allow for high-rate implementation that is robust, adaptable, and beneficial to the missions of interest. To address the grand challenge, we propose physics-informed real-time fusion (PIRF) of high-speed dynamic data. Technologies such as machine learning and edge-computing can be further harnessed to enable structural and functional prognostics for high-rate dynamic systems. Quantification of uncertainty, both aleatory and epistemic, is necessary for real-time state estimation to be connected with the confidences to integrate risks into the decision-making.
This proceeding is published as Dodson, Jacob, Austin Downey, Simon Laflamme, Michael Todd, Adriane G. Moura, Yang Wang, Zhu Mao, Peter Avitabile, and Erik Blasch. "High-Rate Structural Health Monitoring and Prognostics: An Overview." IMAC XXXIX: A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, Orlando, FL, USA, February 8-11, 2021.