Assessing the Impacts of an Increase in Water Level on Wetland Vegetation

dc.contributor.author van der Valk, Arnold
dc.contributor.author van der Valk, A. G.
dc.contributor.author Squires, L.
dc.contributor.author Welling, C. H.
dc.contributor.department Botany
dc.date 2018-09-17T22:21:42.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T00:54:39Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T00:54:39Z
dc.date.copyright Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1994
dc.date.issued 1994-08-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Three different approaches for assessing the impact of a permanent increase in water level on wetland vegetation were studied using a long—term, controlled, and replicated experiment. These three approaches were: (1) digitized vegetation maps derived from aerial photographs; (2) vegetation data (species abundance, species diversity) from 10 permanent quadrats in each cell; and (3) Bray—Curtis similarity indices comparing the composition of the vegetation in permanent quadrats within a cell and among cells. This study was conducted in a 10—celled wetland complex in the Delta Marsh, Manitoba, Canada. There were three water level treatments: (1) the normal or mean regulated water level in the surrounding Delta Marsh, (2) the medium (30 cm above normal), and (3) the high (60 cm above normal). There were four, three, and three cells (ranging in total area from 6 to 8 ha), respectively, in each treatment. The vegetation in all cells had been reestablished with a drawdown just prior to this study. To reduce cell—to—cell variation, we adjusted the indicators derived from vegetation maps from 1985 through 1989 by subtracting the mean values of the same indicators in 1979 and 1980, after 15—16 yr of normal water level conditions. The adjusted percentage of a cell covered with open water increased significantly and two other adjusted indicators, the number of vegetation types and the number of multispecies vegetation types, decreased significantly in the flooded treatments. The percentage of a cell covered with sparse emergent vegetation and percentage covered with standing litter did not differ significantly among treatments. In permanent quadrats, species richness, total shoot density of the emergent species, and the Shannon diversity index showed significant treatment effects: all three declined in the flooded treatments. The Simpson's index, however, did not show a treatment effect. When Bray—Curtis similarity indices comparing the vegetation either among permanent quadrats within a cell or for the same permanent quadrat in a cell among years were used, either within—cell vegetation heterogeneity or ongoing successional changes in the vegetation made it impossible to detect treatment effects.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Van der Valk, A. G., L. Squires, and C. H. Welling. "Assessing the impacts of an increase in water level on wetland vegetation." <em>Ecological Applications</em> 4, no. 3 (1994): 525-534. doi: <a href="https://doi.org/10.2307/1941954">10.2307/1941954</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/bot_pubs/87/
dc.identifier.articleid 1089
dc.identifier.contextkey 12852076
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath bot_pubs/87
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/11341
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/bot_pubs/87/1995_vanderValk_AssessingImpacts.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:15:44 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.2307/1941954
dc.subject.disciplines Botany
dc.subject.disciplines Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
dc.subject.disciplines Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology
dc.subject.keywords Delta Marsh
dc.subject.keywords emergent vegetation
dc.subject.keywords flooding
dc.subject.keywords freshwater wetlands
dc.subject.keywords prairie wetlands
dc.subject.keywords similarity indices
dc.subject.keywords species diversity
dc.title Assessing the Impacts of an Increase in Water Level on Wetland Vegetation
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication f74d4ccd-1e5a-4a19-8fc4-e92cbf4d8a40
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 9ac828da-ca66-4c1f-9f0d-17de747c541e
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