Speciation of volatile organic compounds from poultry production

Trabue, Steven
Scoggin, Kenwood
Xin, Hongwei
Li, Hong
Burns, Robert
Xin, Hongwei
Hatfield, Jerry
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Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from poultry production are leading source of air quality problems. However, little is known about the speciation and levels of VOCs from poultry production. The objective of this study was the speciation of VOCs from a poultry facility using evacuated canisters and sorbent tubes. Samples were taken during active poultry production cycle and between production cycles. Levels of VOCs were highest in areas with birds and the compounds in those areas had a higher percentage of polar compounds (89%) compared to aliphatic hydrocarbons (2.2%). In areas without birds, levels of VOCs were 1/3 those with birds present and compounds had a higher total percentage of aliphatic hydrocarbons (25%). Of the VOCs quantified in this study, no single sampling method was capable of quantifying more than 55% of compounds and in several sections of the building each sampling method quantified less than 50% of the quantifiable VOCs. Key classes of chemicals quantified using evacuated canisters included both alcohols and ketones, while sorbent tube samples included volatile fatty acids and ketones. The top five compounds made up close to 70% of VOCs and included: 1) acetic acid (830.1 μg m−3); 2) 2,3-butanedione (680.6 μg m−3); 3) methanol (195.8 μg m−3); 4) acetone (104.6 μg m−3); and 5) ethanol (101.9 μg m−3). Location variations for top five compounds averaged 49.5% in each section of the building and averaged 87% for the entire building.

<p>This article is from <em>Atmospheric Environment </em>44, no. 29 (September 2010): 3538–3546, doi:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.06.009">10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.06.009</a>.</p>