Microtiter plate adherence assay and receptor analogs for Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae

Zhang, Qijing
Young, Theresa
Zhang, Qijing
Ross, Richard
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A microtiter plate adherence assay for Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae was established by use of purified swine tracheal cilia which contained receptors for the mycoplasmas. M. hyopneumoniae bound specifically to plates coated with solubilized cilia. The binding was dependent on both the concentration of cilia and the number of mycoplasmas. Dextran sulfate, heparin, chondroitin sulfate, laminin, mucin, and fucoidan significantly inhibited the binding of the mycoplasmas. The six inhibitors also disrupted the adherence of the mycoplasmas to intact ciliated cells. Preincubation with either mycoplasmas or cilia indicated that heparin, mucin, fucoidan, and chondroitin sulfate interacted with the adhesive molecules on the surface of the mycoplasmas, while laminin blocked the receptors in cilia. The basis for the inhibition induced by dextran sulfate was unknown. Treatment of cilia with neuraminidase appeared to promote adherence of the mycoplasmas, whereas treatment of cilia with sodium metaperiodate decreased binding. These results indicate that receptors for M. hyopneumoniae in the ciliated epithelium of the respiratory tract of pigs are glycoconjugate in nature.

<p>This article is published as Zhang, Qijing, Theresa F. Young, and Richard F. Ross. "Microtiter plate adherence assay and receptor analogs for Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae." Infection and immunity 62, no. 5 (1994): 1616-1622. Posted with permission.</p>