Fluorescence line narrowing spectrometry of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in organic glasses

dc.contributor.author Brown, Johnie
dc.contributor.department Chemistry
dc.date 2018-08-16T20:29:33.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T05:57:59Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T05:57:59Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1982
dc.date.issued 1982
dc.description.abstract <p>Fluorescence line narrowing spectrometry (FLNS), also known as optical site selection spectroscopy, is a relatively new technique holding great promise as an analytical tool. Species specific analysis of complex samples for low concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is a difficult analytical problem. The PAH analysis problem is reviewed herein as are the mechanisms and characteristics of FLNS which make this new methodology appear ideal for application to the problem. Organic glasses are presented as the cryogenic matrices of choice for analytical FLNS. An experimental arrangement utilizing sensitive gated signal detection is used to test the analytical utility of FLNS;Data presented show that linear quantitative response from concentrations between saturation (about 1 ppm) and the low parts per trillion range is obtained. The demonstrated high precision and linearity of response show that routine analytical FLNS using organic glass matrices need not use internal standard and/or standard addition quantitation schemes;Unambiguous determinations of compounds in complex samplesare shown to be expected. This expectation is shown to be realisticby demonstrating, in successive chapters: the unique FLNS behaviorof each of 27 polycyclic aromatic compounds tested; resolution ofthe 13 fluorescing species in a 14 component artificial mixture; anddetermination of pyrene, 1-alkylpyrene, benzo(e)pyrene, anthracene,benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, and perylene in an;unseparated sample of SRC-II coal liquification product;('1)DOE Report IS-T-986. This work was performed under ContractNo. W-7405-Eng-82 with the U.S. Department of Energy.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/7029/
dc.identifier.articleid 8028
dc.identifier.contextkey 6304183
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-5408
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/7029
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/79861
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/7029/r_8221177.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 01:41:00 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Analytical Chemistry
dc.subject.keywords Chemistry
dc.subject.keywords Analytic
dc.subject.keywords Chemistry
dc.title Fluorescence line narrowing spectrometry of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in organic glasses
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 42864f6e-7a3d-4be3-8b5a-0ae3c3830a11
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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