The determinants of rural population growth and decline, 1950-1990: the roles of government policy, human capital, and farm and nonfarm income

dc.contributor.advisor Peter F. Orazem
dc.contributor.author Huang, Tzu-Ling
dc.contributor.department Economics
dc.date 2018-08-23T15:36:26.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T07:10:18Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T07:10:18Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1996
dc.date.issued 1996
dc.description.abstract <p>In the past few decades, changes in economic conditions for off-farm labor markets and improvements in agriculture technology have led to substantial reductions in farm population in the United States. However, rural populations are not decreasing uniformly, either across counties or over decades. Rates of change in farm and nonfarm populations vary widely across rural counties. The variation of population growth across counties and between farm and nonfarm population raise two questions in this study: (1) What affects the population growth and decline in US rural counties? (2) Do those factors affect farm and nonfarm populations differently?;This study is based on the human capital model of migration which emphasizes economic returns as the driving force for moves. For that reason, the study concentrates on individuals of working ages 20-64. Previous studies and human capital theory have shown that younger people have a greater incentive to move than older people. To focus on the population most sensitive to migration factors, the moves of a younger working age subgroup (individuals aged 20-34) are also examined;The results show that human capital investment, average income, the diversity of industrial mix, and predicted per capita local government tax revenue are major determinants of rural county population changes. Rural county population growth is neutral toward self-financed increased local government services in both age groups;Some major determinants of rural population growth, such as human capital, farm income, and local labor market conditions affect farm and nonfarm population differently. In addition, farm and nonfarm populations are sensitive to different local government policies.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/11114/
dc.identifier.articleid 12113
dc.identifier.contextkey 6435893
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-10223
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/11114
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/64336
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/11114/r_9620973.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 18:43:00 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural and Resource Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Demography, Population, and Ecology
dc.subject.disciplines Labor Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Political Science
dc.subject.disciplines Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration
dc.subject.keywords Economics
dc.title The determinants of rural population growth and decline, 1950-1990: the roles of government policy, human capital, and farm and nonfarm income
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 4c5aa914-a84a-4951-ab5f-3f60f4b65b3d
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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