An investigation of active and selective oxygen in vanadium phosphorus oxide catalysts for n-butane conversion to maleic anhydride

dc.contributor.advisor Glenn L. Schrader
dc.contributor.author Lashier, Mark
dc.contributor.department Chemical and Biological Engineering
dc.date 2018-08-17T01:39:26.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:11:34Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:11:34Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1989
dc.date.issued 1989
dc.description.abstract <p>The role of lattice oxygens in two model catalysts, [beta]-VOPO[subscript]4 and (VO)[subscript]2P[subscript]2O[subscript]7, was investigated for the selective and nonselective oxidation of C[subscript]4 hydrocarbons to maleic anhydride and combustion products. Specific catalytic oxygen sites in each model catalyst were labeled with specific amounts of [superscript]18O. Labeled sites were identified by laser Raman spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The level of [superscript]18O enrichment in each site was estimated from the laser Raman spectra and the stoichiometry of reactions involved in the synthesis of the labeled catalysts. Products of the anaerobic C[subscript]4 hydrocarbon oxidation and, in the case of (VO)[subscript]2P[subscript]2O[subscript]7, alternating pulses of oxygen with pulses of hydrocarbon, over labeled catalysts were monitored by quadrupole mass spectrometry. These studies reveal that, on both catalysts, more than one path to CO[subscript]2 exists involving lattice oxygens. The consecutive combustion of maleic anhydride involves mainly V=O oxygen, while all other oxygen sites are utilized to form small amounts of CO[subscript]2. In both catalyst systems, P-O-V sites are the source for selective oxygens. Additionally, specific selective oxygen sites could be related to mechanistic steps in the conversion of n-butane to maleic anhydride for both model catalysts. The results of this work indicate that the initial selective interaction of n-butane with the surface of the catalyst results in an intermediate which is very different than that of the other C[subscript]4's studied, and that this strongly adsorbed intermediate is constrained to react with specific P-O sites. Additional evidence suggests that [beta]-VOPO[subscript]4 is not the V(V) species formed in the oxidation-reduction couple on the surface of (VO)[subscript]2P[subscript]2O[subscript]7.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/9145/
dc.identifier.articleid 10144
dc.identifier.contextkey 6348277
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-11846
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/9145
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/82212
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/9145/r_9014920.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:29:01 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Chemical Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Chemical engineering
dc.title An investigation of active and selective oxygen in vanadium phosphorus oxide catalysts for n-butane conversion to maleic anhydride
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 86545861-382c-4c15-8c52-eb8e9afe6b75
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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