Who Are Virtual Reality Headset Owners? A Survey and Comparison of Headset Owners and Non-Owners

dc.contributor.author Kelly, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author Kelly, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author Cherep, Lucia
dc.contributor.author Lim, Alex
dc.contributor.author Gilbert, Stephen
dc.contributor.author Doty, Taylor
dc.contributor.author Gilbert, Stephen
dc.contributor.department Virtual Reality Applications Center
dc.contributor.department Psychology
dc.contributor.department Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
dc.contributor.department Virtual Reality Applications Center
dc.contributor.department Gerontology
dc.date 2021-01-27T03:01:19.000
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-26T01:04:06Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-26T01:04:06Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2021
dc.date.issued 2021-05-10
dc.description.abstract <p>The number of people who own a virtual reality (VR) head-mounted display (HMD) has reached a point where researchers can readily recruit HMD owners to participate remotely using their own equipment. However, HMD owners recruited online may differ from the university community members who typically participate in VR research. HMD owners (n=220) and non-owners (n=282) were recruited through two online work sites-Amazon's Mechanical Turk and Prolific-and an undergraduate participant pool. Participants completed a survey in which they provided demographic information and completed measures of HMD use, video game use, spatial ability, and motion sickness susceptibility. In the context of the populations sampled, the results provide 1) a characterization of HMD owners, 2) a snapshot of the most commonly owned HMDs, 3) a comparison between HMD owners and non-owners, and 4) a comparison among online workers and undergraduates. Significant gender differences were found: men reported lower motion sickness susceptibility and more video game hours than women, and men outperformed women on spatial tasks. Men comprised a greater proportion of HMD owners than non-owners, but after accounting for this imbalance, HMD owners did not differ appreciably from non-owners. Comparing across recruitment platform, male undergraduates outperformed male online workers on spatial tests, and female undergraduates played fewer video game hours than female online workers. The data removal rate was higher from Amazon compared to Prolific, possibly reflecting greater dishonesty. These results provide a description of HMD users that can inform researchers recruiting remote participants through online work sites. These results also signal a need for caution when comparing in-person VR research that primarily enrolls undergraduates to online VR research that enrolls online workers.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Kelly, Jonathan W., Lucia A. Cherep, Alex F. Lim, Taylor Doty, and Stephen B. Gilbert. "Who Are Virtual Reality Headset Owners? A Survey and Comparison of Headset Owners and Non-Owners." In <em>2021 IEEE Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces (VR)</em>, pp. 687-694. IEEE, 2021. DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1109/VR50410.2021.00095" target="_blank">10.1109/VR50410.2021.00095</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/imse_pubs/260/
dc.identifier.articleid 1261
dc.identifier.contextkey 21283725
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath imse_pubs/260
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/96517
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/imse_pubs/260/2021_GilbertStephen_WhoVirtual.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 23:01:58 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1109/VR50410.2021.00095
dc.subject.disciplines Cognition and Perception
dc.subject.disciplines Ergonomics
dc.subject.disciplines Operational Research
dc.subject.keywords Headphones
dc.subject.keywords Three-dimensional displays
dc.subject.keywords Sociology
dc.subject.keywords Resists
dc.subject.keywords Virtual reality
dc.subject.keywords Games
dc.subject.keywords User interfaces
dc.title Who Are Virtual Reality Headset Owners? A Survey and Comparison of Headset Owners and Non-Owners
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
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