Peppers are native plants of tropical America, one of the few vegetables which still abound in the wild state. The earliest mention of them was in a report of Columbus’ first voyage.
The garden peppers are regarded as dwarf, early maturing forms of Capsicum frutescens. They are either annuals or perennials, according to climatic conditions.
The peppers are both self and cross-fertilized.
The collection of peppers grown in securing the data for this bulletin, included over 200 varieties, a large proportion of which were synonyms, secured from the American and European seed trade.