The glassy phase and reaction products of Iowa fly ashes Bergeson, Kenneth
dc.contributor.department Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering 2018-08-16T16:21:24.000 2020-07-02T06:04:29Z 2020-07-02T06:04:29Z Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1986 1986
dc.description.abstract <p>The crystalline and glassy phases of a series of low calcium to high calcium Iowa fly ashes were investigated. Elemental analyses were conducted by quantitative x-ray fluorescence (QXRF) techniques. Crystalline compounds were determined by quantitative x-ray diffraction (QXRD). Glassy phase compositions of the ashes were estimated from these data. The glassy phase of the high calcium ashes is believed to be in a more highly strained chemical state as compared to the low calcium ashes, and hence, more reactive. It is proposed that the reactivity of the glassy phase can be characterized by a "reactivity index" which is the ratio of glass modifiers to glass formers expressed by (CaO + MgO)/(SiO(,2) + Al(,2)O(,3)) in the glass. It is shown that this relationship is nearly linear to this same ratio based on elemental composition which allows a rapid evaluation of reactivity based on ASTM C-618 analysis data;It was shown that the elemental analysis consistency of Iowa ashes, from a given generating station, is not a valid indicator of its fundamental physical properties. This variability in physical properties (e.g., compressive strength development, setting time, etc.) is believed to be a function of the amount of calcium bearing crystalline compounds present, and correspondingly, the amount of reactive glass present. It was shown that for a high calcium ash, from a given generating station, that the glassy phase is an integral and necessary contributor to early (28 day) strength;The glassy phase of Iowa fly ashes are shown to contain significant amounts of the cementitious building blocks of calcium, aluminum, and silicon. It was postulated that small amounts of secondary chemical activators could be economically utilized to accelerate the attack and dissolution of the glassy phase, thereby releasing calcium, aluminum, and silicon for formation of cementitious calcium aluminate and calcium silicate hydrates. Ammonium nitrate was found effective with a low calcium ash. Dibasic ammonium phosphate was effective with a high calcium and intermediate calcium ash.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 9057
dc.identifier.contextkey 6328674
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/8058
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Sat Jan 15 02:05:35 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Civil Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Civil engineering
dc.subject.keywords Geotechnical engineering
dc.title The glassy phase and reaction products of Iowa fly ashes
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication dissertation Doctor of Philosophy
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