Effect of substitutional doping and disorder on the phase stability, magnetism, and half-metallicity of Heusler alloys

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2021-12-14
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Smirnov, Andrei V.
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
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Materials Science and EngineeringChemical and Biological EngineeringAmes National LaboratoryPhysics and Astronomy
Abstract
Spintronics is the fast growing field that will play a key role in optimizing power consumption, memory, and processing capabilities of nanoelectronic devices. Heusler alloys are potential candidates for application in spintronics due to their room temperature (RT) half-metallicity, high Curie temperature, low lattice mismatch with most substrates, and strong control on electronic density of states at Fermi level. In this work, we investigate the effect of substitutional doping and disorder on the half-metallicity, phase stability, and magnetism of Heusler alloys using density functional theory methods. Our study shows that electronic and magnetic properties of half/full-Heusler alloys can be tuned by changing electron-count through controlled variation of chemical compositions of alloying elements. We provide a detailed discussion on the effect of substitutional doping and disorder on the tunability of half-metallic nature of Co2MnX and NiMnX based Heusler alloys, where X represents group 13–16 and period 3–6 elements of the periodic table. Based on the idea of electron count and disorder, we predicted a possible existence of thermodynamically stable half-metallic multicomponent bismuthides, for example, (CuNi3)Mn4Bi4 and (ZnNi7)Mn8Bi8, through substitution doping at Ni site by specific Cu and Zn composition in half-Heusler NiMnBi. We believe that the design guide based on electron-counts presented for half-metals will play a key role in electronic-structure engineering of novel Heusler alloys for spintronic application, which will accelerate the development and synthesis of novel materials.
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This is a manuscript of the article Zarkevich, Nikolai A., Prashant Singh, Andrei V. Smirnov, and Duane D. Johnson. "Effect of substitutional doping and disorder on the phase stability, magnetism, and half-metallicity of Heusler alloys." Acta Materialia 225 (2022): 117477. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117477. Copyright 2021 Acta Materialia Inc. DOE Contract Number(s): AC02-07CH11358. Posted with permission.
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