Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems
van Ruijven, Jasper
The effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning generally increase over time, but the underlying processes remain unclear. Using 26 long-term grassland and forest experimental ecosystems, we demonstrate that biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships strengthen mainly by greater increases in functioning in high-diversity communities in grasslands and forests. In grasslands, biodiversity effects also strengthen due to decreases in functioning in low-diversity communities. Contrasting trends across grasslands are associated with differences in soil characteristics.
This article is published as Guerrero-Ramírez, Nathaly R., Dylan Craven, Peter B. Reich, John J. Ewel, Forest Isbell, Julia Koricheva, John A. Parrotta et al. "Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems." Nature ecology & evolution 1, no. 11 (2017): 1639. doi: 10.1038/s41559-017-0325-1.