Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems

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Date
2017-11-01
Authors
Guerrero-Ramírez, Nathaly
Craven, Dylan
Wilsey, Brian
Reich, Peter
Ewel, John
Isbell, Forest
Koricheva, Julia
Parrotta, John
Auge, Harald
Ericson, Heather
Forrester, David
Hector, Andy
Joshi, Jasmin
Montagnini, Florencia
Palmborg, Cecilia
Piotto, Daniel
Potvin, Catherine
Roscher, Christiane
van Ruijven, Jasper
Tilman, David
Wilsey, Brian
Eisenhauer, Nico
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Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology
Abstract

The effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning generally increase over time, but the underlying processes remain unclear. Using 26 long-term grassland and forest experimental ecosystems, we demonstrate that biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships strengthen mainly by greater increases in functioning in high-diversity communities in grasslands and forests. In grasslands, biodiversity effects also strengthen due to decreases in functioning in low-diversity communities. Contrasting trends across grasslands are associated with differences in soil characteristics.

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This article is published as Guerrero-Ramírez, Nathaly R., Dylan Craven, Peter B. Reich, John J. Ewel, Forest Isbell, Julia Koricheva, John A. Parrotta et al. "Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems." Nature ecology & evolution 1, no. 11 (2017): 1639. doi: 10.1038/s41559-017-0325-1.

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