The multidimensionality of health protective behaviors

Date
1989
Authors
Westra, Beverly
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Altmetrics
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Research Projects
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Psychology
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Abstract

This study explored the relationship among health protective behaviors in an asymptomatic population and identified multiple dimensions. A battery containing measures of health locus of control, general well-being and health value was given to 395 college students. The findings suggested that the three sets of variables offered predictive models unique to each health behavior dimension. Perceived outcomes or benefits were also assessed in relation to the specific health behaviors endorsed by each individual and were found to differentially relate to the various dimensions, providing suggestive evidence for underlying motivations. Several implications were discussed. First, multiple models are needed given multiple dimensions of health behavior. Second, health behaviors are not always performed for health related reasons, and alternative motivations need to be considered. Once identified, these motivations will allow better refinement of health enhancement models based on an approach theory, rather than one of disease-avoiDance;

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Psychology
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