Learning Competencies Through Engineering Research Group Experiences
Purpose - In some fields, research group experiences gained in laboratories are more influential than the classroom in shaping graduate students' research abilities, understandings of post-graduate careers, and professional identities. However, we know little about what and how students learn from their research group experiences. This article explores the learning experiences of engineering graduate students in one chemical engineering research group to determine what students learned and identify the practices and activities that facilitated their learning.
Design/methodology/approach – Ethnography was utilized to observe the experiences of one 20-member research group in chemical engineering. Fieldwork included 13 months of observations, 31 formal interviews (16 first-round and 15 second-round interviews) and informal interviews. Fieldnotes and transcriptions were analyzed using grounded theory techniques.
Findings – Research group members developed four dominant competencies: (1) presenting research, (2) receiving and responding to feedback, (3) solving problems, and (4) troubleshooting problems. Students’ learning was facilitated by the practices and activities of the research group (e.g., weekly full group and subgroup meetings), and mediated through the interactions of others (i.e., peers, faculty supervisor, and lab manager).
Originality/value – This study adds to the engineering education literature and contributes to the larger discourse on identifying promising practices and activities that improve student learning in graduate education.
This is a manuscript of an article from Burt, B.A., (2017) "Learning competencies through engineering research group experiences", Studies in Graduate and Postdoctoral Education, Vol. 8 Issue: 1, pp.48-64, DOI: 10.1108/SGPE-05-2017-019. Posted with permission.