Toxocariasis

dc.contributor.department Center for Food Security and Public Health
dc.date 2018-02-18T05:03:07.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T01:14:29Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T01:14:29Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
dc.date.issued 2016-10-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Members of the genus Toxocara are zoonotic intestinal nematodes (roundworms) that mature in various mammals, including some domesticated species. Parasitized animals can shed large numbers of eggs in the feces, infecting people (particularly children) who ingest these eggs in contaminated soil, or on hands or objects. Although Toxocara eggs do not complete their maturation in humans, the developing larvae can migrate through the body for a time. In some cases, they cause symptoms ranging from mild, vague discomfort to ocular disturbances, blindness and neurological syndromes. Human toxocariasis is one of the most common helminth infections in the world, with children living in poverty at the highest risk of infection. In some areas, this disease may also be important in adults who eat undercooked animal tissues containing larvae.</p> <p>Human toxocariasis is mainly attributed to Toxocara canis and T. cati, the major roundworm species found in dogs and cats, but other Toxocara may also be involved. In particular, the importance of T. malaysiensis, a recently recognized species in cats, and T. vitulorum, a parasite of cattle and water buffalo, remain to be clarified. In puppies and kittens, Toxocara infections can be associated with unthriftiness, diarrhea and poor growth, and in severe cases, may result in death. T. vitulorum in bovine or buffalo calves may, similarly, lead to illness, economic losses and increased mortality.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/cfsph_factsheets/134/
dc.identifier.articleid 1133
dc.identifier.contextkey 9752323
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath cfsph_factsheets/134
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/14092
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/cfsph_factsheets/134/toxocariasis.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 19:51:45 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Animal Diseases
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Infectious Diseases
dc.title Toxocariasis
dc.type article
dc.type.genre report
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 0792ec93-4c2c-447b-b01b-6cfd9cca885e
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