Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This): A Review and Perspectives on Aspartic Acid Production

Date
2021-03-29
Authors
Appleton, Holly
Rosentrater, Kurt
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Abstract

Aspartic acid, or “aspartate,” is a non-essential, four carbon amino acid produced and used by the body in two enantiomeric forms: L-aspartic acid and D-aspartic acid. The L-configuration of amino acids is the dominant form used in protein synthesis; thus, L-aspartic acid is by far the more common configuration. However, D-aspartic acid is one of only two known D-amino acids biosynthesized by eukaryotes. While L-aspartic acid is used in protein biosynthesis and neurotransmission, D-aspartic acid is associated with neurogenesis and the endocrine system. Aspartic acid production and use has been growing in recent years. The purpose of this article is to discuss various perspectives on aspartic acid, including its industrial utility, global markets, production and manufacturing, optimization, challenges, and future outlook. As such, this review will provide a thorough background on this key biochemical.

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This article is published as Appleton, Holly, and Kurt A. Rosentrater. "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This): A Review and Perspectives on Aspartic Acid Production." Fermentation 7, no. 2 (2021): 49. DOI: 10.3390/fermentation7020049. Posted with permission.

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bio-based, bio-chemicals, bio-materials, fermentation, synthesis
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