The Impact of Carbohydrate and Protein Level and Sources on Swine Manure Foaming Properties
This study explored the impact of swine diet on the composition, methane production potential, and foaming properties of manure. Samples of swine manure were collected from controlled feeding trials with diets varying in protein and carbohydrate levels and sources. Protein sources consisted of corn with amino acids, corn-soybean meal with amino acids, corn-soybean meal, corn-canola meal, corn-corn gluten meal, and corn-poultry meal. Carbohydrate sources consisted of corn-soybean meal, barley, beet pulp, distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), soy hulls, and wheat bran. Manure samples were tested for a number of physical and biochemical parameters, including total solids, volatile solids, viscosity, density, methane production rate, biochemical methane potential, foaming capacity, and foam stability. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate whether different carbohydrate and/or protein ingredients affected these physico-chemical properties or the samplesâ€™ ability to produce methane gas. After conducting these trials, another feeding trial was performed to evaluate if the addition of Narasin into rations (corn-soybean and DDGS) could reduce the methane production rate or potential of the manure. These samples were also tested for the physical and biochemical parameters mentioned previously. Finally, an additional manure foaming study was conducted involving the addition of specific carbohydrates ground to different particle sizes and corn oil to observe the effects that the additives had on foaming capacity and stability.