Ammonia Emissions from U.S. Poultry Houses: Part I—Measurement System and Techniques

Thumbnail Image
Liang, Yi
Tanaka, Akihiro
Wheeler, Eileen
Casey, Kenneth
Heber, Albert
Ni, Ji-Qin
Li, Hong
Major Professor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Xin, Hongwei
Distinguished Professor Emeritus
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Organizational Unit
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

Since 1905, the Department of Agricultural Engineering, now the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (ABE), has been a leader in providing engineering solutions to agricultural problems in the United States and the world. The department’s original mission was to mechanize agriculture. That mission has evolved to encompass a global view of the entire food production system–the wise management of natural resources in the production, processing, storage, handling, and use of food fiber and other biological products.

In 1905 Agricultural Engineering was recognized as a subdivision of the Department of Agronomy, and in 1907 it was recognized as a unique department. It was renamed the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering in 1990. The department merged with the Department of Industrial Education and Technology in 2004.

Dates of Existence

Historical Names

  • Department of Agricultural Engineering (1907–1990)

Related Units

Journal Issue
Is Version Of

A multi-state, multi-disciplinary research project is currently underway to quantify aerial ammonia (NH3) emissions from selected US poultry houses with different housing and management schemes. A series of publications will result from this study. This paper highlights the system and techniques used by the participating institutions to continuously measure NH3 and carbon dioxide concentrations and determine building ventilation rate. Specifically, a portable monitoring unit (PMU) has been developed and refined for field measurement and acquisition of NH3 level, CO2 level and building static pressure. Ammonia level is measured with electro-chemical sensors that undergo cyclic purging to avoid sensor saturation. Building ventilation rate is directly measured by calibrating the airflow rates of fans in-situ with a Fan Assessment Numeration System (FANS) device and recording of fans runtime, or indirectly calculated using the CO2 balance method based on the latest metabolic rate information for the modern birds (W-36 laying hens). Comparative tests were conducted between the PMU and a chemiluminescence NH3 analyzer in a field emission laboratory (FEL), and there were no significant differences between the two measurement methods (P=0.33).


This proceeding is from Pp. 106–115 in Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations III, Proceedings of the 12–15 October 2003 Conference (Research Triangle Park, North Carolina USA), Publication Date 12 October 2003. Paper No. 701P1403.

Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2003