Photodynamics Simulations of Thymine: Relaxation into the First Excited Singlet State

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Date
2009-08-01
Authors
Szymczak, Jaroslaw
Barbatti, Mario
Windus, Theresa
Soo Hoo, Jason
Adkins, Jaclyn
Windus, Theresa
Nachtigallová, Dana
Lischka, Hans
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Abstract

Ab initio nonadiabatic dynamics simulations are reported for thymine with focus on the S2 → S1deactivation using the state-averaged CASSCF method. Supporting calculations have been performed on vertical excitations, S1 and S2 minima, and minima on the crossing seam using the MS-CASPT2, RI-CC2, MR-CIS, and MR-CISD methods. The photodynamical process starts with a fast (<100 fs) planar relaxation from the S2 ππ* state into the πOπ* minimum of the S2 state. The calculations demonstrate that two π-excited states (denoted ππ* and πOπ*) are actually involved in this stage. The time in reaching the S2/S1 intersections, through which thymine can deactivate to S1, is delayed by both the change in character between the states as well as the flatness of the S2 surface. This deactivation occurs in an average time of 2.6 ps at the lowest-energy region of the crossing seam. After that, thymine relaxes to the nπ* minimum of the S1state, where it remains until the transfer to the ground state takes place. The present dynamics simulations show that not only the πOπ* S2 trapping but also the trapping in the nπ* S1 minimum contribute to the elongation of the excited-state lifetime of thymine.

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Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Journal of Physical Chemistry A 113 (2009): 12686, doi:10.1021/jp905085x. Copyright 2009 American Chemical Society.

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