Flood Performance and Dislocation Assessment for Lumberton Homes after Hurricane Matthew

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2019-05-26
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Deniz, Derya
Sutley, Elaina
van de Lindt, John
Peacock, Walter
Rosenheim, Nathanael
Gu, Donghwan
Mitrani-Reiser, Judith
Dillard, Maria
Koliou, Maria
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Hamideh, Sara
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Community and Regional Planning

Community and regional planning is a professional field of study aimed at assessing the ever-changing socioeconomic and physical environments of our communities and planning for their future. Planners evaluate and seize opportunities to understand and solve problems. Most planners work at the local level, but they are concerned with issues that affect the world: the preservation and enhancement of the quality of life in a community, the protection of the environment, the promotion of equitable economic opportunity; and the management of growth and change of all kinds.

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The Department of Community and Regional Planning was established in 1978 when it was split from the Department of Landscape Architecture and Community Planning.

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1978–present

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In order to better understand community resilience following a disaster, a multidisciplinary research team from the Center of Excellence (CoE) for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) jointly conducted a series of longitudinal field studies in the U.S. city of Lumberton, North Carolina following major flooding from Hurricane Matthew (2016). Damage surveys on structures and interviews with households were conducted during the first field study to explore physical, economic, and social impacts of major riverine flooding on this small, tri-racial community. This paper is focused on damage to housing and subsequent household dislocation. Empirical damage fragilities were developed for residential buildings using a comprehensive set of engineering damage inspection data collected by the team. Multi-variate models were developed to assess the consequences of physical damage to housing units for household dislocation, including socio-demographic factors. The goal was not to develop the definitive model of household dislocation, but rather to show how engineering and social science data can be combined to better understand the broader social impacts of disasters – in this case, household dislocation. This study may help inform assessments of flood damage and dislocation patterns for other U.S. communities as a function of construction, social, and economic makeup.

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This conferences presentation is published as Deniz, Derya; Sutley, Elaina J.; van de Lindt, John W.; Peacock, Walter Gillis; Rosenheim, Nathanael; Gu, Donghwan; Mitrani-Reiser, Judith; Dillard, Maria; Koliou, Maria; Hamideh, Sara. Flood Performance and Dislocation Assessment for Lumberton Homes after Hurricane Matthew. at the 13th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering(ICASP13), Seoul, South Korea, May 26-30, 2019. Posted with permission.

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Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2019