A Welfare Analysis of the U.S. Ethanol Subsidy
Based on a transparent analytical model of multiple markets including corn, ethanol, gasoline, and transportation fuel, this study estimates the welfare changes for consumers and producers resulting from ethanol production and related support polices in 2007. The welfare estimation takes into account the second-best gain from eliminating loan deficiency payments. The results suggest the total social cost is about $0.78 billion for given market parameters. We validate the model's underlying assumption and test for the results' sensitivity to assumed parameters.
This working paper was published as Du, Xiaodong, Dermot J. Hayes and Mindy L. Mallory, " Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 31 (2009): 669–676, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9353.2009.01460.x.