The relationship between smartphone use, symptoms of depression, symptoms of anxiety, and academic performance in college students

Thumbnail Image
Date
2017-01-01
Authors
Longnecker, Elizabeth
Major Professor
Advisor
Reynol Junco
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Altmetrics
Authors
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Is Version Of
Versions
Series
Department
Theses & dissertations (Interdisciplinary)
Abstract

The current study aims to research the relationship between smartphone use, symptoms of anxiety, symptoms of depression, and academic performance. Previous literature suggests that smartphone usage is related to mental health (Ha, Chin, Park, Ryu, and Yu, 2008; Rosen, Whaling, Rab, Carrier, and Cheever, 2013; Rosen, Whaling, Carrier, Cheever, & Rokkum, 2013; Van Ameringen, Mancini, & Farvolden, 2003). Studies have also linked mental health to academic performance in college students (Eisenberg, Golberstein, & Hunt, 2009; Hysenbegasi, Hass, & Rowland, 2005). Young adults ages 18-29 years old are most likely to own and use a smartphone compared to any other age group (Anderson, 2015; Smith, 2015); additionally, 75% of mental health disorders have their first onset before the age of 24. Therefore, the subject sample for this study focuses on college students. It is necessary to examine this relationship to understand possible predictors and provide recommendations on how academic institutions can improve students’ well-being and lower risk of academic failure.

Students (N = 216) attending a public university in the western U.S. were surveyed in a general education course on the global impact of technology and asked to download the Instant Quantified Self application to record their smartphone usage. Regression analyses determined that smartphone use significantly predicted academic performance, t(147) = -2.732, β = -.254, p < .01. Additionally, smartphone usage was negatively predictive of anxiety symptoms, t(147) = -2.306, β = -.216, p < .05, contradictory to previous research findings; therefore, smartphone usage may not be related to mental health as previously thought.

Comments
Description
Keywords
Citation
Source
Subject Categories
Copyright
Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017