A study on creating a user-centered wellness design evaluation tool for healthcare design: focusing on the analysis of user’s experience in the main lobby of a healthcare facility

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2016-01-01
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Jihyun Song
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Cho, Yongyeon
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Interior Design
Interior design is an ideal academic home for energetic and inquisitive students seeking a meaningful, varied and creative profession. For each new problem encountered, interior designers use a variety of methods to investigate and analyze user needs and alternatives for satisfying them. Armed with this insight, they enhance interior spaces to maximize occupant quality of life, increase productivity, and protect public health, safety and welfare. The interior designer's ultimate goal is to transform generic, impersonal rooms and areas into unique, expressive spaces that provide the greatest possible "fit" with the values, personalities, roles and potential of their occupants. The Department of Interior Design was established in 2012. Previously, the Interior Design Program was in the Department of Art and Design.
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The goal of this study is to create an evidence-based evaluation tool for a healthcare facility’s main entry lobby that will improve the physical, emotional, and social experiences of users. A combination of content analysis and an online survey was used to create valid evaluation criteria for the design of a healthcare facility’s main entry lobby. Relevant theories and literature were reviewed to better understand the concept of wellness and design issues that could affect a user’s wellness within a healthcare environment. Five wellness design criteria were identified: 1. user experience, 2. positive distractions, 3. sense of control, 4. social interaction, and 5. safety and security. These criteria served as the major standards for developing the wellness design tool. The thesis used a mixed method that combined quantitative and qualitative methods of content analysis. Using the qualitative method, six existing healthcare evaluation tools and design guidelines were investigated, identifying twenty different wellness design features and their details. The quantitative method, explored how users of a healthcare facility perceived the selected wellness design features after their visit to the healthcare lobby. An online survey was administered in Iowa for 275 participants. Results of the questionnaire indicated that enhancement of safety and security was the most important consideration in designing a healthcare facility’s main entry lobby for improving users’ overall wellness experience, while providing optimal positive distractions was the most important consideration with respect to promoting users’ emotional wellness experience. Due to the limitation of study using a majority of local and domestic participants, the results did not represent the U.S population. However, the study provided a framework for creating and validating wellness design evaluation criteria as a design tool for future research.

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Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016