Long-term Evaluation of Hybrid, Nitrogen, and Potassium Interactions in Continuous Corn

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2012-01-01
Authors
Mallarino, Antonio
Van Dee, Kevin
Oltmans, Ryan
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Abstract

A long-term experiment was established in 2009 to study continuous corn responses to potassium (K), nitrogen (N), and hybrid rootworm resistance. Previous research suggested a need for this study. A long-term trial conducted until 2001 at the ISU Northern Research Farm showed that the maximum corn yield level and the N rate that maximized yield was higher when K was optimal or greater. In contrast, the relative yield response to N and the N rate that maximized yield were similar for soil-test phosphorus (P) levels ranging from very low to very high. Other studies have shown that rootworm resistance often increases yield compared with untreated susceptible hybrids. Also, that rootworm resistance does not consistently affect the K rate that maximizes yield, but increases K removal because of the higher yield levels. Therefore, this new study evaluates possible interactions between rootworm resistance and N and K fertilization in corn.

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