Since ancient times, the theory and practice of medicine have been influenced by assumptions, generalizations, and myths about the differences between men and women. Across cultures and many centuries, folk medicine promoted superstitions about gender, such as a popular belief that the female body was connected to the lunar cycle.
This is a chapter from Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present, Sue Rosser, ed. (Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio, 2008): 135-140. Posted with permission