Techno-economic Analysis of Monosaccharide Production via Biomass Fast Pyrolysis

Date
2013-01-01
Authors
Hu, Guiping
Zhang, Yanan
Brown, Tristan
Hu, Guiping
Brown, Robert
Brown, Robert
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Abstract

The economic feasibility of a facility producing monosaccharides, hydrogen and transportation fuels via fast pyrolysis and upgrading pathway was evaluated by modeling a 2000 dry metric ton biomass/day facility using Aspen Plus®. Equipment sizing and cost were based on Aspen Economic Evaluation® software. The results indicate that monosaccharide production capacity could reach 338 metric tons/day. Co-product yields of hydrogen and gasoline were 23.4 and 141 metric tons/day, respectively. The total installed equipment and total capital costs were estimated to be $210 million and $326 million, respectively. A facility internal rate of return (IRR) of 11.4% based on market prices of $3.33/kg hydrogen, $2.92/gal gasoline and diesel, $0.64/kg monosaccharide was calculated. Sensitivity analysis demonstrates that fixed capital cost, feedstock cost, product yields, and product credits have the greatest impacts on facility IRR. Further research is needed to optimize yield of sugar via the proposed process to improve economic feasibility.

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<p>NOTICE: This is the author's version of a work that was accepted for publication in <em>Bioresource Technology</em>. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in<em> Bioresource Technology</em>, 127 (2013): doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.070" target="_blank">10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.070</a>.</p>
Keywords
bio-oil, fast pyrolysis, monosaccharide, technoeconomic analysis, Mechanical Engineering, Bioeconomy Institute
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