Invisible Intelligent Authoring Tools
Imagine that you, an expert in technology and in the learning sciences, have decided to help your colleagues pass on their expertise to others by helping them build intelligent tutors systems (ITSs). Your expert colleagues can be in only one place at a time, and an ITS would multiply the impact of their expertise better than an online video, since an ITS can personalize the instruction. ITSs have demonstrated significant learning gains in a variety of disciplines, after all (Anderson, 1989; Koedinger, 1997; Lesgold, Lajoie, Bunzo & Eggan, 1992; Ritter, Kulikowich, Lei, McGuire & Morgan, 2007; VanLehn, et al., 2005), so this approach makes sense.
This chapter is published as Gilbert, Stephen B., and Stephen B. Blessing. "Invisible Intelligent Authoring Tools." Design Recommendations for Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Volume 3 – Authoring Tools and Expert Modeling Techniques. Robert A. Sottilare, Arthur C. Graesser, Xiangen Hu, and Keith Brawner, eds. United States Army Research Laboratory, 2015, pages 293-301.