Introduction to "Aquaculture Effluents: overview of EPA guidelines and standards and BMPs for ponds, raceways, and recycle systems"
Aquaculture is the production of aquatic organisms, both plant and animal under controlled or semi-controlled conditions. The “controlled or semi-controlled conditions” distinguishes aquaculture from traditional “hunt-and-capture” fishing of wild stocks of marine and freshwater fish, shrimp, and shellfish. The combination of world aquaculture and commercial catches (wild stocks) have grown from 98.6 million metric tons (mmt) in 1990 to 126.2 mmt in 1999, but in 1990 aquaculture was only 13.2% of the total compared with 26.4% in 1999.
This article is taken from the proceedings of "Aquaculture Effluents: overview of EPA gudielines and standards and BMPs for ponds, raceways, and recycle systems", October 2003. Used with permission.