Surface Wave Scattering from Elliptical Cracks for Failure Prediction
de Billy, M
The scattered radiation patterns of surface cracks irradiated by acoustic surface waves are interpreted to provide estimates of crack length and aspect ratio, geometric crack parameters needed to enable failure prediction. The technique is demonstrated for circular and elliptical cracks as small as 100 μm in depth with an accuracy of about 10%. The key features are the positions and spacing of peaks and nulls in angular and frequency dependence of scattered surface intensity. A simple model based on optical diffraction theory is demonstrated on cracks in commercial hot-pressed silicon nitride studies at 100MHz and on spark eroded slots in commercial aluminum studies at 2-10 MHz. The results are used. to calculate the stress intensity factors and to describe the direction of crack propagation for a variety of real and simulated cracks. Implications of the technique with respect to crack closure and effects of stress and time are also discussed.