The relationship between job satisfaction and life satisfaction among Saudi Airline employees in the Jeddah area of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Charles L. Mulford
The purpose of this study was to determine the level of life satisfaction and job satisfaction and the relationship between life-job satisfaction. The subjects of this study were 359 manager and nonmanager employees in Saudi Airline organization. The sampling was selected by means of simple random sampling. The questionnaire consisted of four parts: (1) Job Diagnostic Survey (JDS); (2) the short-form Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire; (3) information about life satisfaction, self-esteem; and religiosity, and (4) information about employee characteristics. LISREL-7 procedures (Joreskog and Sorbom, 1983) were used to test the hypotheses and the proposed model. There was substantial lack of fit in the proposed model. The data supported the following hypothesized relationships: (1) between religiosity and life satisfaction, (2) between self-esteem and life satisfaction, and (3) between autonomy in the job and job satisfaction. The data did not support the following hypothesized relationships: (1) between skill variety and job satisfaction, (2) between task identity and job satisfaction, (3) between feedback from job and job satisfaction, and (4) between task significance and job satisfaction. Finally, data also did not support the hypothesis that there is a reciprocal positive relationship between job satisfaction and life satisfaction by the presence of only positive causal influence from job satisfaction to life satisfaction instead. The positive causal influence from job satisfaction to life satisfaction supports the spillover theory.