Magnetic and transport properties of i-R-Cd icosahedral quasicrystals (R=Y,Gd-Tm)

Thumbnail Image
Date
2014-07-18
Authors
Bud'ko, Sergey
Jesche, Anton
Kreyssig, Andreas
Goldman, Alan
Canfield, Paul
Major Professor
Advisor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Authors
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Organizational Unit
Journal Issue
Is Version Of
Versions
Series
Department
Ames National Laboratory
Abstract

We present a detailed characterization of the recently discovered i-R-Cd (R=Y,Gd-Tm) binary quasicrystals by means of x-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent dc and ac magnetization, temperature-dependent resistance, and temperature-dependent specific heat measurements. Structurally, the broadening of x-ray diffraction peaks found for i-R-Cd is dominated by frozen-in phason strain, which is essentially independent of R. i-Y-Cd is weakly diamagnetic and manifests a temperature-independent susceptibility. i-Gd-Cd can be characterized as a spin glass below 4.6 K via dc magnetization cusp, a third order nonlinear magnetic susceptibility peak, a frequency-dependent freezing temperature, and a broad maximum in the specific heat. i-R-Cd (R=Ho-Tm) is similar to i-Gd-Cd in terms of features observed in thermodynamic measurements. i-Tb-Cd and i-Dy-Cd do not show a clear cusp in their zero-field-cooled dc magnetization data, but instead show a more rounded, broad local maximum. The resistivity for i-R-Cd is of order 300μΩ cm and weakly temperature dependent. The characteristic freezing temperatures for i-R-Cd (R=Gd-Tm) deviate from the de Gennes scaling, in a manner consistent with crystal electric field splitting induced local moment anisotropy.

Comments

This article is from Physical Review B 90 (2014): 014424, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.014424. Posted with permission.

Description
Keywords
Citation
DOI
Subject Categories
Copyright
Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014
Collections