Influence of lipid content on pork sensory quality within pH classification
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The objective of this project was to determine the contribution of lipid content to textural and sensory properties of fresh pork within defined pH classifications. Pigs (n = 1,535; from 248 sires and 836 dams) from the 1991, 1992, and 1994 National Barrow Show Sire Progeny Test were used in this study. The test included purebred Berkshire (107), Chester White (113), Duroc (249), Hampshire (220), Landrace (165), Poland China (101), Spotted (181), and Yorkshire (399) barrows (901) and gilts (634). Diets were uniform across breeds within test. The halothane (Hal 1843) genotype (1346 NN and 189 Nn) was determined. Pigs were slaughtered at 105 kg of BW, and samples of the LM were obtained from each carcass at the 10th rib. Star probe, sensory traits, and lipid content were determined on the LM from each pig. A pH classification of LM was assigned as follows: class A, >5.95, n = 186; class B, ≥5.80 to 5.95, n = 236; class C, ≥5.65 to 5.80, n = 467; class D, ≥5.50 to 5.65, n = 441; class E, <5.50, n = 205. Data were analyzed using a mixed linear model including pH classification, test, sex, halothane genotype, breed, and breed × sex interaction as fixed effects, with sire and dam within breed included as random effects. Correlations were determined within pH class. Lipid content was a significant source of variation for models predicting star probe values in class C and D and for chewiness in class B, C, and D. Increasing lipid content tended to increase sensory tenderness in pH class D. Sensory tenderness was not affected by lipid content in pH class A, B, or E. Lipid content was not a significant source of variation for juiciness scores within any pH class. Intramuscular lipid is correlated with sensory texture traits primarily in classes C and D. Within class C and D, correlations indicate that increasing lipid content is associated with high sensory tenderness, low sensory chewiness, and low star probe values. It is concluded that lipid content is a small source of variation in texture and tenderness of pork loin with pH between 5.80 and 5.50, but not at a greater or lesser pH.
This article is from Journal of Animal Science 85 (2007): 1074–1079, doi:10.2527/jas.2006-413. Posted with permission.