Recycling of additively printed rare-earth bonded magnets

Date
2019-04-24
Authors
Gandha, Kinjal
Ouyang, Gaoyuan
Gupta, Shalabh
Kunc, Vlastimil
Paranthaman, M. Parans
Nlebedim, I. C.
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Ames Laboratory
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Abstract

In this work, we describe an efficient and environmentally benign method of recycling of additive printed Nd-Fe-B polymer bonded magnets. Rapid pulverization of bonded magnets into composite powder containing Nd-Fe-B particles and polymer binder was achieved by milling at cryogenic temperatures. The recycled bonded magnets fabricated by warm compaction of ground cryomilled coarse composite powders and nylon particles showed improved magnetic properties and density. Remanent magnetization and saturation magnetization increased by 4% and 6.5% respectively, due to enhanced density while coercivity and energy product were retained from the original additive printed bonded magnets. This study presents a facile method that enables the direct reuse of end-of-life bonded magnets for remaking new bonded magnets. In addition to magnetic properties, mechanical properties comparable to commercial products have been achieved. This research advances efforts to ensure sustainability in critical materials by forming close loop supply chain.

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Recycling, Bonded magnets, Cryomilling, Waste management, Additive manufacturing, Nd-Fe-B
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