Electronic structure and magnetism of pristine, defected, and strained Ti2N MXene

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Limbu, Yogendra
Kaphle, Gopi Chandra
Karn, Alok Lal
Shah, Niraj Kumar
Paudyal, Hari
Paudyal, Durga
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
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Ames National LaboratoryElectrical and Computer Engineering
From first principles electronic structure calculations, we unravel the evolution of structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of pristine, defected, and strained titanium nitride MXene with different functional groups (-F, -O, -H, and -OH). The formation and cohesive energies reveal their chemical stability. The dynamical stability of Ti2N mono-layer is also confirmed by phonon calculations. The MAX phase and defect free functionalized MXenes are metallic except for oxygen terminated (Ti2NO2) one which is 100% spin polarized half-metallic ferromagnet. The spin–orbit coupling significantly influences the bare MXene (Ti2N) to exhibit Dirac topology and band inversion near the high symmetry directions. The strain effect sways the Fermi level thereby shifting it towards lower energy state under compression and towards higher energy state under tensile strain in Ti2NH2. The Ti2NO2 exhibits exotic electronic structure not only in pristine but also in strained and defected structures. Its half-metallic nature changes to semi-metallic under 1% compression and it is completely destroyed under 2% compression. In single vacancy defect, its band structure remarkably transforms from half-metallic to semi-conducting with large band gap in 12.5% Ti, weakly semi-conducting in 5.5% Ti, and semi-metallic in 12.5% O. The 25% N defect changes its half-metallic characteristic to metallic. Further, the 12.5% Co substitution preserves its half-metallic character, whereas Mn substitution allows it to convert half-metallic characteristic into weak semi-metallic characteristic preserving ferromagnetism. However, Cr substitution converts half-metallic ferromagnetic state to half-metallic anti-ferromagnetic state. The understanding made here on collective structural stability, and electronic band structure, and magnetic phenomena in novel 2D Ti2N derived MXenes open up their possibility in designing them for synthesis.
This is a manuscript of an article published as Limbu, Yogendra, Gopi Chandra Kaphle, Alok Lal Karn, Niraj Kumar Shah, Hari Paudyal, and Durga Paudyal. "Electronic structure and magnetism of pristine, defected, and strained Ti2N MXene." Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 563 (2022): 169895. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2022.169895. Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V. Posted with permission. DOE Contract Number(s): AC02-07CH11358.