Maternal impacts of pre-conceptional glyphosate exposure

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2023-09-27
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Ganesan, Shanthi
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Elsevier Inc.
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Keating, Aileen
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Animal Science

The Department of Animal Science originally concerned itself with teaching the selection, breeding, feeding and care of livestock. Today it continues this study of the symbiotic relationship between animals and humans, with practical focuses on agribusiness, science, and animal management.

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The Department of Animal Husbandry was established in 1898. The name of the department was changed to the Department of Animal Science in 1962. The Department of Poultry Science was merged into the department in 1971.

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Abstract
Maternal glyphosate (GLY) impacts remain unclear despite associations between urinary GLY and birth outcomes. Whether maternal pre-conceptional GLY exposure would have phenotypic and molecular impacts in the dam and offspring was tested. Female C57BL6 mice (6 wk) were exposed to saline (CT; n = 20) or GLY (2 mg/kg; n = 20) per os five d per week for 20 wk. Females were housed with males and on gestation day (GD) 14, divided into: CT non-pregnant (CNP), CT pregnant (CP), GLY non-pregnant (GNP), GLY pregnant (GP). Another cohort (CT; n = 10 or GLY; n = 10) completed three pregnancy rounds and pregnancy index (PI), number of pups per litter and pups surviving to postnatal day (PND) 5 calculated. The PI in GLY mice was higher in breeding rounds 1 and 2, but lower in round 3. Pregnancy increased (P ≤ 0.1) GD14 liver and ovary weight. Spleen weight was increased (P < 0.05) in GP relative to GNP mice. No offspring phenotypic impacts were observed. Approximately six months after cessation of exposure, secondary follicle number was reduced (P < 0.05) by pre-conceptional GLY exposure. The ovarian proteome analyzed by LC-MS/MS was altered (P < 0.05) by pregnancy (49 increased, 43 decreased) and GLY exposure (non-pregnant: 75 increased, 22 decreased, pregnant: 27 increased, 29 decreased; aged dams: 60 increased, 98 decreased) with several histone proteins being altered. These findings support ovarian transient and persistent impacts of GLY exposure and identify pathways as potential modes of action.
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This is a manuscript of an article published as Ganesan, Shanthi, and Aileen F. Keating. "Maternal impacts of pre-conceptional glyphosate exposure." Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 478 (2023): 116692. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2023.116692. © 2023 Published by Elsevier Inc. Posted with permission.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.
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