The Making of International Agreements: a Reappraisal of Congressional Involvement Johnson, Loch McCormick, James McCormick, James
dc.contributor.department Political Science 2018-02-17T18:09:51.000 2020-06-30T06:24:12Z 2020-06-30T06:24:12Z Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1978 1978
dc.description.abstract <p>Although the constitution implies that the primary responsibility in the making of foreign policy resides in the Executive Branch, the Congress shares several important powers in this area.' Among these is the prerogative to join in the making of international commitments, as expressed in the treaty-making provisions of the Constitution.2 Lately, however, critics have argued that the foreign policy powers of Congress have eroded drastically through unilateral action taken by the Executive Branch. The criticism contends, first, that the form of international commitments has changed in recent years. Increasingly, the President has used executive agreements, proclamations, or other unilateral instruments to circumvent the involvement of the Congress.3 A second and related criticism centers on the content of the various international agreements. Even when the Congress has been involved in the agreement-making process, the issues with which it has dealt have been substantively less important than those handled unilaterally by the Executive. According to this view, for example, the making of military agreements has tended to take the form of executive agreements-thus excluding congressional participation-while the making of taxation agreements or radio regulations is presented to the Congress in the forms of treaties.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is an article from <em>The Journal of Politics</em> 40 (1978): 468. Posted with permission.</p>
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dc.identifier.articleid 1029
dc.identifier.contextkey 8783169
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dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 23:05:27 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines American Politics
dc.subject.disciplines Other Political Science
dc.subject.disciplines Other Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration
dc.title The Making of International Agreements: a Reappraisal of Congressional Involvement
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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