Interfacial and Bulk Assembly of Anisotropic Gold Nanostructures: Implications for Photonics and Plasmonics

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2020-07-16
Authors
Kim, Hyeong Jin
Hossen, Md Mir
Hillier, Andrew
Vaknin, David
Mallapragada, Surya
Wang, Wenjie
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

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Physics and Astronomy
Physics and astronomy are basic natural sciences which attempt to describe and provide an understanding of both our world and our universe. Physics serves as the underpinning of many different disciplines including the other natural sciences and technological areas.
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Neuroscience
The Graduate Program in Neuroscience is an interdepartmental and interdisciplinary training program at Iowa State University that offers the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The Neuroscience training program offers a broad spectrum of Neuroscience research opportunities, ranging from the molecular to the cellular to the systems level of analysis. The program includes over 40 faculty from the departments of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology; Biomedical Sciences; Chemical and Biological Engineering; Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology; Food Science and Human Nutrition; Genetics, Development and Cell Biology; Kinesiology; Mechanical Engineering; and Psychology.
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Materials Science and Engineering
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Ames National LaboratoryPhysics and AstronomyNeuroscienceMaterials Science and EngineeringChemical and Biological Engineering
Abstract

We report on the assembly of polymer-grafted nanostructures at the vapor/aqueous interface and in bulk solutions using synchrotron X-ray diffraction methods. Triangular- and octahedral-shaped gold nanostructures are synthesized and grafted with poly(ethylene glycol) (referred to as PEG-AuNTs and PEG-AuNOh, respectively), and their suspensions are manipulated with salts, (poly)electrolytes that induce interpolymer complexation and HCl to achieve organized assemblies. The assemblies at the vapor/liquid interface are explored by X-ray reflectivity and grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering. Results show that PEG-AuNTs and PEG-AuNOh populate the interface, with some degree of orientation with respect to the liquid surface. The resulting assemblies can be tuned by the regulating electrolyte and pH levels of the suspensions. Similar suspension manipulations also induce three-dimensional assemblies that are revealed with solution small-angle X-ray scattering. In addition to controlling the three-dimensional (3D) aggregates by regulating the (poly)electrolytes and pH levels, we show that raising the temperature of the suspensions from 20 to above 50 degrees C induces and even improves the ordering of the assemblies. Our findings provide tools that can be used to assemble and orient anisotropic nanostructures for potential applications in photonics and plasmonics.

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