Hydrogen vehicles: Impacts of DOE technical targets on market acceptance and societal benefits

dc.contributor.author Dong, Jing
dc.contributor.author Lin, Zhenhong
dc.contributor.author Dong, Jing
dc.contributor.author Greene, David
dc.contributor.department Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-19T05:39:05.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T01:12:10Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T01:12:10Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2013
dc.date.issued 2013-06-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Hydrogen vehicles (H2V), including H2 internal combustion engine, fuel cell and fuel cell plug-in hybrid, could greatly reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transportation sector. The U.S. Department of Energy has adopted targets for vehicle component technologies to address key technical barriers to widespread commercialization of H2Vs. This study estimates the market acceptance of H2Vs and the resulting societal benefits and subsidy in 41 scenarios that reflect a wide range of progress in meeting these technical targets. Important results include: (1) H2Vs could reach 20–70% market shares by 2050, depending on progress in achieving the technical targets. With a basic hydrogen infrastructure (∼5% hydrogen availability), the H2V market share is estimated to be 2–8%. Fuel cell and hydrogen costs are the most important factors affecting the long-term market shares of H2Vs. (2) Meeting all technical targets on time could result in about an 80% cut in petroleum use and a 62% (or 72% with aggressive electricity de-carbonization) reduction in GHG in 2050. (3) The required hydrogen infrastructure subsidy is estimated to range from $22 to $47 billion and the vehicle subsidy from $4 to $17 billion. (4) Long-term H2V market shares, societal benefits and hydrogen subsidies appear to be highly robust against delay in one target, if all other targets are met on time. R&D diversification could provide insurance for greater societal benefits. (5) Both H2Vs and plug-in electric vehicles could exceed 50% market shares by 2050, if all targets are met on time. The overlapping technology, the fuel cell plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, appears attractive both in the short and long runs, but for different reasons.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is a manuscript of an article published as Lin, Zhenhong, Jing Dong, and David L. Greene. "Hydrogen vehicles: Impacts of DOE technical targets on market acceptance and societal benefits." International journal of hydrogen energy 38, no. 19 (2013): 7973-7985. <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016" target="_blank">10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.120</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ccee_pubs/133/
dc.identifier.articleid 1132
dc.identifier.contextkey 11175904
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ccee_pubs/133
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/13774
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ccee_pubs/133/2013_Dong_HydrogenVehicles.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 19:49:29 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.04.120
dc.subject.disciplines Civil and Environmental Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Transportation Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Hydrogen
dc.subject.keywords Alternative fuel vehicle
dc.subject.keywords Energy
dc.subject.keywords Greenhouse gas
dc.subject.keywords Public policy
dc.subject.keywords electric vehicle
dc.title Hydrogen vehicles: Impacts of DOE technical targets on market acceptance and societal benefits
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 02eacfea-376d-45b0-a048-1b6d00cfbf26
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 933e9c94-323c-4da9-9e8e-861692825f91
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